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I'm sure it will be interesting. Sheridan was known to run units of young soldiers who were often, "out of uniform" while in enemy territory.

The Loyal League

How many other US generals allowed that practice? Cavalry Charger said:. Pretty sure under the laws of war at the time, these young men would have been subject to summary execution if caught.

Being out of uniform would not entitle them to 'quarter'. So, they certainly went in at great risk to themselves in this situation. Sheridan's intelligence operatives who wore Confederate uniforms, to the best of my recollection, were collecting information. They wanted information mainly about troop strength. This is one of those subjects as to which Sheridan and Grant deliberately left as few records as possible.

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Saphroneth said:. Since they were in uniform they weren't liable to being considered spies. Indeed, one Colquhoun Grant gave his parole when captured, and kept it until he discovered he was being sent to Paris for interrogation which wasn't the sort of thing one did to an officer upon which point he escaped. Interesting the expectations built around these things, too.

As an officer, he didn't expect to be interrogated at that time. Well, I got to the end of this apart from questions and thoroughly enjoyed it. I took quite a lot out of it, and there is quite a lot to take. I'll begin with the end quote before I get to the rest: "The shadows move, but the dark is never quite dispersed"- Archeologist Howard Carter As the speaker says: "Fortunately, for the Union, Ulysses S.

Grant was not afraid of the dark. Interestingly, the speaker says that the area of 'intelligence' was an instinctive one for Grant. It didn't serve him well at Shiloh, which is where it appears he learnt his first big lesson. In fact, the speaker calls it the 'mother of all intelligence failures'! At this point Grant is feeling confident, believes Confederate morale is at a low and thinks they will entrench in Corinth So he wasn't expecting an attack and, though he doesn't mention Sherman, it seems he had been lax in providing the intelligence needed.

From what I've read, Grant accepted 'rumours' from the front which had little basis in fact, and thought at first the attack was just a cavalry skirmish. He was fortunate to win that battle, and ultimately did not blame Sherman for the lack of foresight.

But, he did learn a lesson. And he wasn't going to repeat the same mistake when it came to Vicksburg. You could argue that he learned from Shiloh, though it's also worth remembering that Grant's central MS advance got skotched by the raid on Holly Springs - clearly something went wrong there - and Grant's cavalry recon in the Overland wasn't very good, because big chunks of the cavalry was off on a raid instead of doing the scouting-and-screening job.

It's interesting to wonder whether Grant learned the wrong lesson from Holly Springs, because he was one of the only ACW commanders compelled to retreat by a cavalry raid - perhaps it gave him an overinflated view of how good cavalry could be doing the raiding job. It does not make any sense. The Holly Springs depot was adequately defended, but the commander there failed to heed reasonable warnings.

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The Confederate commander of the raid was Earl Van Dorn. Van Dorn may have learned a lesson, but it seems instead he served as an example.

Anonymous Heroes - African American Spies of the Revolutionary War and the Civil War

Because an alleged jealous husband shot him in Tennessee in the first week of May Also Straight seems to have led Forrest on a wild goose chase to Alabama, while Grierson conducted his own raiding from Memphis to Baton Rouge. You must log in or register to reply here. Grant and John S. Mosby Ulysses S. Grant Nov 14, Mosby Grant In The Dragoons? Join CivilWarTalk Today! Hell is being a Republican in Virginia: the postwar friendship between Ulysses S. Today at AM. Grant In The Dragoons? Saturday at PM. Were there any alternatives to Grant? It did not.

13 Badass Civil War Spies Who Played Huge Roles in the War

This reputational carnage of highly decorated American generals associated with Trump continued as H. Instead they were subjected to his tantrums and humiliation, and ultimately left the administration. Never had access to decades of military and national security experience been so squandered and abused by an American president.

Despite all this, the devotion to Trump from a large segment of the military was unwavering. It was the rank and file, not the generals, Trump was courting with his calls for military parades. Trump learned from Flynn that there were grievances and resentments within the military establishment to be exploited. African-Americans serving in the military had a deep admiration and affection for the first black commander in chief, not shared by their white counterparts.

It was Orwellian in its pervasiveness. By , more of the common areas began showing sports or weather channels to get away from the politics, which had made some uncomfortable. It was the doggedness with which Trump went after Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama that made him their hero. None of it was believed. It was hard to understand why these military intelligence experts felt compelled to denigrate so vigorously the assessments of the rest of the intelligence community, specifically when it came to Trump—nor the ferocity with which they personally defended him. In their private time many watched internet trolls.

The parroting of Trump took other disturbing turns. No one would bother them anymore about human rights.

History Research Guide - The American Civil War: Intelligence Operations

They would get the military assistance they wanted unconditionally, and, if they played their cards right, they could even get Trump to attack Iran. On an operational level, the not totally without merit criticism of Obama was that he had been the appeaser whose pullout from Iraq created ISIS, as did his last-minute refusal to go after Bashar al-Assad in Syria.

It was this deal they believed prevented the U. While the civilian national security establishment believed the JCPOA had pulled Iran back from the brink of nuclear weapons breakout capability that would lead to a regional nuclear arms race, the military saw it as inexcusable capitulation to the primary supporter of militancy and terrorism in the region.

They had not forgotten or forgiven. During the Cold War, intelligence analysts had spent their entire careers planning for a war with the Soviet Union that, fortunately, never came.

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Time has proven this argument to be mostly accurate. The gulf between the civilian world and the military has been growing since the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan—wars that have touched more American families than at any time since Vietnam. Vietnam created a huge cultural divide in the U. But something more sinister may be afoot as we approach the election. Trump has done what Nixon ultimately could not do. He has, so far, avoided real accountability to Congress.

He has successfully blurred the lines between lies and truth in the minds of the American public. He has undermined the institutions that have kept the U. The belief that there is indeed a coup being orchestrated against President Trump is a weapon Trump has in his arsenal, depending how far down the road to authoritarianism he decides to go.